Montenegro may default because of a BRI motorway construction project. Governance and financial matters need to be improved for future BRI programmes.
In early April 2021, the Malaysian government announced the re-initiation of the original alignment of the East Coast Rail Link (ECRL).
Natural disasters can threaten large infrastructure projects and create financial turmoil in developing countries along the new Silk Road.
Washington has launched several projects to compete with China’s BRI, but these initiatives suffer from US lack of consistency.
In Iran, China is going to invest in a wide range of sectors including energy and transport and help the country to connect with the new silk road.
The recent blockade of the Suez Canal shows how important the construction of alternative roads with China’s Belt and Road Initiative is.
Relations between China and Central Eastern European (CEE) countries remain strong but the 17+1 format probably needs to get revised.
Philippines’ “AmBisyon Natin 2040” and “Build! Build! Build!” can get accelerated in cooperation with China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
Estonian new government may plan the construction of a tunnel between Tallinn and Helsinki in Finland by a Chinese company.
Brunei is looking for increasing cooperation with China under the BRI to accelerate its own develoment strategy called Wawasan Brunei 2035.