After Italy, Luxembourg officially joined the BRI during Xavier Bettel’s visit to China. Luxembourg looks to become the financial gateway of the BRI.
Italy’s undersecretary of state Michele Geraci stated that the BRI is a debt trap for Sri Lanka, Malaysia and maybe Pakistan!
Following the APEC summit in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea (November 17-18, 2018), several Pacific states leaders confirmed their intention to join in the BRI
The Australian state of Victoria in the BRI In October 2018, Australia’s Victoria state officially joined the BRI. Victoria’s prime minister Daniel Andrews and Cheng Jingye, the Chinese ambassador to Australia, signed a memorandum of understanding related to the BRI.