Although China plays a leading role in this initiative, other countries such as Pakistan and Russia are more and more involved in the BRI.
On September 27, 2018, the first Geocultural Forum was held in St. Petersburg. This event aimed at strengthening cultural exchanges between Russia, Central Asia and China. This event organized by “Dialogue of Civilizations” was sponsored by China Soong Ching Ling Foundation and the University of Saint Petersburg.
During Russian Prime Minister Medvedev‘s visit to Beijing on November 1, 2017, President Xi Jinping said he supports the development of the Arctic Polar route as a new axis of the Belt and Road initiative. The Polar Route Russia has
Manzhouli in the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia is becoming a major hub of the new Silk Road. The city has long been a place of exchange between China, Russia and Mongolia, but the OBOR project has strengthened its position.